the Duke of Beaufort, and they were both Welsh land- owners. The Cycle Club in Denbighshire, which was closely associated with the Wynn family, and existed down to our own day, was without doubt at one period an im- portant political organisation, and there is no doubt some truth in the story, that Chambers, in his History of the Rebellion in 1745 (vol. i, p. 272 et post), tells us on the authority of a Welsh friend, that at the time when the Highland hosts turned back on Derby a number of Welsh Squires were riding hard to join Prince Charlie's banner, and only turned back when they heard of the retreat, and that ever after he was of the company most accounted, who had ridden furthest on the way." Now, if the sceptic still insists that such facts as those that I have mentioned, only prove the sentiments of the Welsh aristocracy and Bards, it is only necessary to refer him to the curious facts relating to the Jacobitism of the lower orders in Wales, collected in Mr. Hobson Matthews' recent collection of Cardiff documents, though, perhaps, an even stronger proof is furnished by the savage riot with which the miners of Rhos greeted the accession of the House of Brunswick to the English throne. Welsh Jacobitism being, then, an unquestioned fact, it is surely time to study its history before the disappearance of documents and the failure of tradition render the work impossible. PART II. SIR WATKIN AND DAVID MORGAN. To Welshmen the two most interesting things in con- nection with the '45 are the waiting of Sir Watkin Wynn and the fate of David Morgan. On the first point I can now say little, though I hope on another occasion to return to the subject.